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Understand the Chronological Order you will face during GD

Most of these discussions follow more or less predictable administrations.

  • The number varies vastly depending on the total number of candidates and may lie anywhere in the range of 8 to 15.

  • The sitting arrangement will either be circular, semi-circular. U-shaped, or in some cases, designed around a rectangular table.

  • The duration of a discussion typically falls in the bracket of 15-20 minutes. But at times. may extend up to 30-35 minutes.


once all the participants settle down in the discussion room, they are given the topic for the discussion followed by a few minutes to think upon the same. This is considered to be the preparation time and allows every participant to create a basic structure for the viewpoint which he/she wishes to express. First, every participant needs to make up his/her mind about the stand on the topic. i.e., whether he/she wants to support it or go against it and how an individual wants to go about the topic. Then an individual needs to quickly jot down the points to support and enhance his/her chosen stance. Here, if the speaker recalls any relevant data, then it should also be noted. Remember, a few but good points are anytime better than a run-of-the-mill laundry.


As the name suggests, this is the beginning of the discussion. If the topic is clear and holds no room for explanation, then begin by giving a brief introduction to the topic followed by your take over it. If the topic not self-explanatory or is ambiguous, then it is very important for the initiator to first ask the group to discuss its meaning and how the group wants to take it further.

Body of GD

This is where one gets into the heart and heat of the matter—the actual discussion starts. Put forward your views confidently and to the point. No set pattern can be prescribed and the speaker needs to sense the situation to act accordingly There are different roles which can be portrayed and these have been described later. To be able to leave a prominent mark, an individual needs to keep updating his knowledge base. Content is indispensable and without it, nothing can salvage a speaker. Once the participants are in, there are a few techniques, described later which will help them to think better.


It too important to understand the difference between summarization and conclusion. They are often thought to be synonyms. Summarization involves highlighting the key points of the entire discussion, whereas in conclusion you need to prove a solution or a final decision, after considering all the points raised by the participant. Mostly, a GD concludes but summarized.

A conclusion represents the final stage where the whole or majority of the group moves in favour or against the topic. On other hands in case of summarization, one participant or sometimes each of them simply sums up the whole discussion in brief.


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