The U.N. Security Council is a forum for foreign policy debate, and not merely asportfolio of power. In addition to this, the Security Council has played a role as agift society, one where it has, as a European function, encouraged less powerful states intoplacating the risk of retaliation for their opposition to world domination. The SecurityCouncil defers even further the responsibly of maintaining global peace by codifying law inthe U.N. Charter. The Charter spells out the rights of every state, and creates laws to punishstates that violate those rights and the laws that enjoin them. In addition, the Security Councilgives itself the authority, in part by written and unwritten statutes, to oversee the peacekeepingactivities of member states.
The United States and its allies, have attempted to utilize a variety of methods to guaranteestability in former Yugoslavia and are currently using a combination of economic and politicalpressure to achieve the same benefits. The agreements made to remain in or join the Alliedcoalition are designed to stabilize the region. U.N. peacekeeping operations, at the requestof the Security Council, are the latest US initiative in a multifaceted "charter ofhuman rights and humanitarian assistance" embodied in a United Nations Security CouncilResolution.
Prior to the invasion of Iraq, the United States initiated diplomatic pressure on countries aroundthe world to prevent their involvement in the conflict. These efforts have been successful inthe past, as evident by the absence of significant combat forces from other countries.
In the face of a successful U.S. diplomatic campaign that led to the withdrawal of internationallaw enforcement contingents from Yugoslavia, that country elected to remain in the alliance.The Security Council therefore ordered U.N. peacekeeping forces to assist in carrying out thepaperwork aspects of the removal of forces. The United States and its allies are now determining whenthe Security Council will vote on extending the mandate of the U.N. observers as requested by theSerbian government. d2c66b5586